Welcome to First Nations Food, Nutrition & Environment Study (FNFNES)

Save the date! The AFN-FNFNES National Event is taking place in Ottawa on November 4th-5th, 2019. If your community was involved in the study, a representative will be invited. If not, see contact information to find out how you can attend.


The regionally representative FNFNES results for Quebec were released on May 2nd, 2019 at the Joint Meeting of the First Nations of Quebec and Labrador Health and Social Services Commission (FNQLHSSC) in Montreal, QC. The Quebec Regional Report and 4-page summary of results are now available for download.

Check out the Document Download section for copies of the latest report, and reports from previous regions as well as academic publications, research agreements, timelines, and much more.

Study overview 
Over the past 40 years, Canada has conducted Health and Nutrition Surveys and Total Diet Studies among the general Canadian population to better understand changes in diets and to assess the environmental safety of store-bought foods.

To date, First Nations people living on-reserve have not been included. A number of studies in First Nation communities have helped us to understand which foods are commonly eaten however, existing research has not succeeded in providing reliable national and regional information on First Nations diets and food–related exposures to environmental pollutants.

Using an ecozone sampling framework, the FNFNES aims to gather information from 100 randomly selected First Nation communities across Canada about: 

  • Current traditional and store bought food use 
  • Food security 
  • Nutrient values and environmental chemical hazards in traditional foods
  • Heavy metals and pharmaceutical metabolites in drinking and surface water

Has your community participated in the FNFNES? Check to see when data collected from your region will be reported back to your community in the Regional Timelines section of the Document Download page. 


The FNFNES is now on Facebook!

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Tap water will be sampled for trace metals

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Surface water will be sampled for pharmaceuticals.

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Traditional food samples will be collected based on information collected from dietary questionnaires

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MERCURY in hair

Hair will be collected from participants, packaged, stapled in a plastic bag, and sent for laboratory analysis for mercury (Total and MeHg)

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HOUSEHOLD interviews

Household interviews include food frequency and food security questionnaires, 24-hr diet recall, and social/health/lifestyle questionnaires

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