Welcome to First Nations Food, Nutrition & Environment Study (FNFNES)

2021-06-28- The FNFNES team is excited to release a 14-article special issue of the Canadian Journal of Public Health dedicated exclusively to the methodology and findings from the First Nations Food, Nutrition, and Environment Study. 

See Foreword by Former National Chief Perry Bellegarde. In his Invited CommentaryDr. Evan Adams, Deputy Chief Medical Officer of Public Health for Indigenous Services Canada discusses the significance of this reserach partnership.

The FNFNES COMPREHENSIVE FINAL REPORT and Key Findings and recommendations for policy makers will be available soon. The draft report is available for download here and the draft FNFNES Summary of key findings for eight Assembly of First Nations regions 2008-2018 is available here

Also, check out the newly released FNFNES Final Report for Eight Assembly of First Nations Regions: Comprehensive Technical Report – Supplemental Data. This supplemental report presents data on the consumption rate of traditional food and the concentrations of essential elements, toxic elements and Persistent Organic Pollutants (POP) measured in the collected traditional food samples by region and ecozone. 

Study overview 
Over the past 40 years, Canada has conducted Health and Nutrition Surveys and Total Diet Studies among the general Canadian population to better understand changes in diets and to assess the environmental safety of store-bought foods.

To date, First Nations people living on-reserve have not been included. A number of studies in First Nation communities have helped us to understand which foods are commonly eaten however, existing research has not succeeded in providing reliable national and regional information on First Nations diets and food–related exposures to environmental pollutants.

Using an ecozone sampling framework, the FNFNES aims to gather information from 100 randomly selected First Nation communities across Canada about: 

  • Current traditional and store bought food use 
  • Food security 
  • Nutrient values and environmental chemical hazards in traditional foods
  • Heavy metals and pharmaceutical metabolites in drinking and surface water

Has your community participated in the FNFNES? Check out the Regional Timelines section of the Document Download page to see when FNFNES was in your region. 

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Tap water will be sampled for trace metals

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Surface water will be sampled for pharmaceuticals.

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Traditional food samples will be collected based on information collected from dietary questionnaires

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MERCURY in hair

Hair will be collected from participants, packaged, stapled in a plastic bag, and sent for laboratory analysis for mercury (Total and MeHg)

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HOUSEHOLD interviews

Household interviews include food frequency and food security questionnaires, 24-hr diet recall, and social/health/lifestyle questionnaires

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