Welcome to First Nations Food, Nutrition & Environment Study (FNFNES)

The FNFNES DRAFT COMPREHENSIVE FINAL REPORT is available for download here and the  FNFNES Summary of key findings for eight Assembly of First Nations regions 2008-2018 is available here

Check out the Document Download section for copies of the latest report, and reports from eight Assembly of First Nations regions as well as academic publications, research agreements, timelines, and much more.

Study overview 
Over the past 40 years, Canada has conducted Health and Nutrition Surveys and Total Diet Studies among the general Canadian population to better understand changes in diets and to assess the environmental safety of store-bought foods.

To date, First Nations people living on-reserve have not been included. A number of studies in First Nation communities have helped us to understand which foods are commonly eaten however, existing research has not succeeded in providing reliable national and regional information on First Nations diets and food–related exposures to environmental pollutants.

Using an ecozone sampling framework, the FNFNES aims to gather information from 100 randomly selected First Nation communities across Canada about: 

  • Current traditional and store bought food use 
  • Food security 
  • Nutrient values and environmental chemical hazards in traditional foods
  • Heavy metals and pharmaceutical metabolites in drinking and surface water

Has your community participated in the FNFNES? Check to see when data collected from your region will be reported back to your community in the Regional Timelines section of the Document Download page. 


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Tap water will be sampled for trace metals

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Surface water will be sampled for pharmaceuticals.

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Traditional food samples will be collected based on information collected from dietary questionnaires

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MERCURY in hair

Hair will be collected from participants, packaged, stapled in a plastic bag, and sent for laboratory analysis for mercury (Total and MeHg)

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HOUSEHOLD interviews

Household interviews include food frequency and food security questionnaires, 24-hr diet recall, and social/health/lifestyle questionnaires

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